英语倒装几种情况总结

#英语 #倒装句 汇总。

#版本 1.0 Final

1. “某些副词+不及物动词+主语”的句式,需要全部倒装。常用的副词主要有:here , there , now , then , out , in , down , up , away 等,表示强调。主语是代词时,不必倒装。

Out rushed the boy .

Down came the brown wave .

2. 表示方位的短语放在句首,后面一般使用倒装语序。

West of the lake lies the famous city .

3. There be + 主语+地点。其中动词be也可以是其他词,如lie,stand等。

There are many different kinds of mooncakes on the table .

There in Greece lived a famous thinker , named Aristotle .

4. 如果直接引语后注明是什么人说的,而且主语是名词时,需要完全倒装;主语是代词时,一般不用倒装。

“Let”s go ! ”said the captain .

“Take off your boots !” ordered the guard .

5. 为了保持句子平衡,或为了强调表语或状语,或使上下文紧密衔接时。

They arrived at an old church , in front of which stood a big crowd of people .

6. 用于so开头的句子,表示重复前面相同的内容,意为“也怎么样”。另外,在结果状语从句句型so …that …中,如果强调so…放在句首,主句需要部分倒装。

I often go out for a walk after supper . So does she .

我经常在晚饭后出去散步,她也这样。

So excited was she at the news that she couldn”t say a word .

听到这个消息,她是如此激动,以致于一句话也说不出来。

7. 用于nor , neither 开头的句子,表示重复前面相同的内容,“也不怎么样”。

Li Lei can”t answer the question . Neither can I .

If you don”t wait for him , nor shall I .

8. only放在句首,强调状语(副词,介词短语或状语从句等),全句语序要部分倒装。

Only in this way can we get in touch with them .

Only because he was ill was he absent from school .

注意:only放在句首,强调主语时,语序不必倒装。

Only Mr Wang knows about it .

9. 带有否定意义的词放在句首,语序需要部分倒装。常见的词语有: not , never , seldom , scarcely , barely , little , at no time , not only , not once , under on condition , hardly … when , no sooner …than ……等。

Little did I think he is a spy .

我一点也没想到他是一个间谍。

Hardly had I reached home when it began to rain .

No sooner had I entered the room than the phone rang .

10. 在虚拟语气中,倒装代替条件。

Should he be here next week , he would help us with the problem .

Were there no light , we could see nothing .

11. 用于某些表示祝愿的句子。

May you succeed ! 祝你成功! Long live France ! 法兰西万岁!

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